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This is what makes the nursing discipline a profession. The nursing theories provide direction and guidance for structuring professional nursing practice, education, and research. It also differentiates the focus of nursing from other professions. They serve to guide assessment, intervention, and evaluation of nursing care.
They provide a rationale for collecting reliable and valid data about the health status of clients, which are essential for effective decision making and implementation. They help to establish criteria to measure the quality of nursing care. They help build a common nursing terminology to use in communicating with other health professionals.
Finally, nursing theories enhance the autonomy of nursing by defining its own independent functions. In nursing education, nursing theories provide a general focus for curriculum design.
They guide the curricular decision making. In nursing research, nursing theories offer a framework for generating knowledge and new ideas. They assist in discovering knowledge gaps in the specific field of study.
Finally, they offer a systematic approach to identify questions for study, select variables, interpret findings, and validate nursing interventions. To understand nursing theories, a theory, concept, conceptual frameworks, and conceptual model must first be defined. A theory is a supposition or system of ideas that is proposed to explain a given phenomena.
Concepts are the building blocks of theory, are abstract ideas or mental images of phenomena. A conceptual framework is a group of related concepts. It provides an overall view or orientation to focus thoughts.
A conceptual model is a graphic illustration or diagram of a conceptual framework. Nursing has four basic concepts, called metaparadigms.
You can call this conceptual framework of nursing theories in general since a metaparadigm consists of a group of related concepts. The four metaparadigms of nursing are person or client, environment, health, and nursing.
A person or client is the recipient of nursing care. Environment is the internal or external surroundings that affect the client. Health is the degree of wellness or well-being that the client experiences.
Nursing are the attributes, characteristics, and actions of the nurse providing care on behalf of, or in conjunction with, the client Kozier, Erb, Berman, and Burke, Her environmental model is based on the idea that the impetus for healing lies within the individual human being and the focus of care is to place the individual in an environment that is supportive to that healing process.
To utilize this theory in the nursing practice, the nurse would provide clean environment to prevent infection.
Peplau, in addition to her other accomplishments, presented the first published theoretical development in nursing in the twentieth century. Her focus is on the interpersonal process between a nurse and a client and the roles played by the nurse in this process.
The interpersonal process occurs in three phases: In the orientation phase, the client seeks help, and the nurse assists the client to understand the problem and the extent of the need for help.
In the identification phase, the client assumes a posture of dependence, interdependence, or independence in relation to the nurse. In the exploitation phase, the client derives full value from what the nurse offers through the relationship. The client uses available services on the basis of self-interest and needs.Transcultural Nursing Theory vs Humanistic Nursing Theory.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the culture care diversity and intercultural nursing theory of Madeleine Leininger with the humanistic nursing theory of Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad.
There will be. The nursing profession has evolved greatly over time, moving from dependence upon total medical direction providing basic care into an independent practice modality with its own nursing theory practice, nursing models, and distinct nursing interventions.
Comparing Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring And The Neuman Systems Model Jayanna Volm Concordia University Comparing Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring And The Neuman Systems Model Nursing frameworks and conceptual models are imperative as a foundation for nursing practice.
Jean Watson () believes the practice of caring is central to nursing; it is the unifying focus for practice. Caring science encompasses a humanitarian, human science orientation to human caring processes, phenomena and experiences.
Jean Watson Theory Compared And Contrast Betty Neuman Theory.
Analysis and Evaluation of Jean Watson's Theory of Caring Since its establishment as a profession more than a century ago, Nursing has been a source for numerous debates related to its course, methods and development of nursing knowledge. Many nursing definitions and theories have evolved over time.
Betty Neuman Health-Care System Model Main purpose is to focus on the individual and their environment with special attention directed at stressors and an overall holistic view of healthcare.